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A Short History of Hong Kong’s ICAC

Before the establishment of the Independent Commission against Corruption (ICAC) in 1974, Hong Kong’s police department was in charge with the fight against corruption. The commission was established by Governor Sir Murray MacLehose back when the country was under the British rule. The main goal of the commission is to get rid of corruption in the government through a three-pronged strategy that includes law enforcement, prevention, and community education.

After the nation’s reunification with mainland China in 1997, the Basic Law guaranteed the independent status of the ICAC and its direct accountability to Hong Kong’s chief executive. The Basic Law is a constitutional document for the establishment of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).

Leadership

A commissioner stands as the head of the ICAC. Since 1997, the State Council of the People’s Republic of China has been appointing the commissioner according to the recommendations of the chief executive of Hong Kong.

Ordinances

Hong Kong’s main anti-corruption law is the Prevention of Bribery Ordinance (POBO). This ordinance encompasses various forms of corruption both in the public and private sectors. Vested in the ICAC ordinance, law enforcers can implement arrest, detention, as well as search and seizure. Other than the POBO, the commission is also responsible for the enforcement of the Elections (Corruption and Illegal Conduct) ordinance. This ordinance is mainly concerned about corruption and other illegal activities in different public elections. The ordinance also governs elections of the Chief Executive, as well as the legislative and district councils.

Strategy

As an anti-corruption agency, the ICAC works actively with other departments of the government, regulatory institutions, and public organizations. According to ICAC lawyers in Hong Kong, the commission uses a holistic strategy in fighting corruption by addressing both its symptoms and root causes. They do this by implementing solid law enforcement, strategic prevention measures, and extensive community education.

Today, the ICAC remains an efficient independent body that upholds high standards in performing their duties. The result is a more transparent and honest government and private sector all helping to build a robust economy.


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Just How Do Wood Fired Pizza Ovens Work?

You’ve seen wood-fired ovens whilst relishing your travels in Europe and you may even indulge in the food theatre that cooking food with a wood oven creates in your nearby pizzeria,but how does a wood fired pizza oven work? Talk to us at Valoriani

Pizza ovens operate on the basis of choosing three kinds of heat for cooking food:

1. Direct heat from the fire and flames

2. Radiated heat coming down from the dome,which is at its best when the fire has burned for a while until the dome has turned white and is soot-free

3. Convected heat,which comes up from the floor and from the background air

Cooking with a wood-fired pizza oven is actually much simpler than you may realize. All you really need to do is to light a fantastic fire in the centre of the oven and then allow it to heat up both the hearth of the oven and the inner dome. The heat you create from your fire will be absorbed by the oven and that heat will then be radiated or convected,to allow food to cook.

Once you have your oven dome and floor up to temperature,you merely push the fire to one side,choosing a metal peel,and start to cook,choosing fire wood as the heat source,rather than the gas or electricity you may usually rely on.
Of course,there are no temperature dials or controls,other than the fire,so the addition of fire wood is the equivalent of whacking up the temperature dial. If you don’t feed the fire,you allow the temperature to drop.

How hot you allow your oven to become really depends on what you wish to cook in your wood-fired oven. For pizza,you need a temperature of around 400-450 ° C; if you wish to make use of one more cooking food technique,such as roasting,you need to do that at a temperature of around 200-300 ° C. There are different ways to do this.

You could first off get the oven up to 450 ° C and then allow the temperature to drop to that which you need,or As an alternative,you could just bring the oven up to the required temperature by choosing less fire wood.

As you are choosing convected rather than radiated heat for roasting,it is not as crucial to get the stones as hot. An additional way to influence the amount of heat reaching the food in a very hot oven is to make use of tin foil,to reflect some of the heat away.

Heat created within a wood-fired oven should be well-retained,if your oven is built of refractory brick and has really good insulation. To cook the best pizza,you need to have an even temperature in your oven,both top and bottom. The design of the Valoriani makes this easy,but this is also an area where the quality of the oven will have a big effect.

Some ovens may need you to leave ashes on the oven floor,to try to heat it up sufficiently. Others have minimal or no insulation,so you will have to feed the fire much more. But that means it will then have too much direct heat and won’t cook top and bottom evenly.

An additional thing to watch is,if the floor of the oven isn’t storing heat,you may need to reheat if before cooking food every single pizza– a real irritation. The message here is to always look for an oven built from the very best refractory materials and designed by artisans,like a Valoriani.

So,taking that into account,we’re going to change the title of this blog. The guidance above isn’t so much about how fire wood fired pizza ovens function,but how the best wood-fired ovens function. If you go through a few ovens before steering a course towards a Wood Fired Pizza Ovens, that’s something you’ll come to appreciate.

Just How Do Wood Fired Pizza Ovens Work?

You’ve seen wood-fired ovens whilst enjoying your travels in Europe and you may even indulge in the food theatre that cooking food with a solid wood oven creates in your neighborhood pizzeria,but how does a solid wood fired pizza oven work? Talk to us at Valoriani

Pizza ovens operate on the basis of using three types of heat energy for cooking food:

1. Direct heat from the fire and flames

2. Radiated heat coming down from the dome,which is at its best when the fire has burned for a while until the dome has turned white and is soot-free

3. Convected heat,which comes up from the floor and from the normal air

Cooking with a wood-fired pizza oven is really much simpler than you may think. All you really need to do is to ignite a great fire in the centre of the oven and then let it to heat up both the hearth of the oven and the inner dome. The heat you develop from your fire will be absorbed by the oven and that heat will then be radiated or convected,to let food to cook.

Once you have your oven dome and floor up to temp,you just push the fire to one side,using a metal peel,and start to cook,using raw wood as the heat source,rather than the gas or electricity you may usually rely on.
Of course,there are no temp dials or controls,other than the fire,so the addition of raw wood is the equivalent of whacking up the temp dial. If you don’t feed the fire,you let the temp to drop.

How hot you let your oven to become really depends on what you wish to cook in your wood-fired oven. For pizza,you need a temperature of around 400-450 ° C; if you wish to employ another cooking food technique,such as roasting,you need to do that at a temperature of around 200-300 ° C. There are different ways to do this.

You could first get the oven up to 450 ° C and then let the temp to go down to that which you need,or As an alternative,you could just bring the oven up to the needed temp by using less raw wood.

As you are using convected rather than radiated heat for roasting,it is not as essential to get the stones as hot. Another way to impact the amount of heat reaching the food in a very hot oven is to employ tin foil,to reflect some of the heat away.

Heat generated within a wood-fired oven should be well-retained,if your oven is made of refractory brick and has very good insulation. To cook the best pizza,you need to have an even temp in your oven,both top and bottom. The design of the Valoriani makes this easy,but this is also an area where the quality of the oven will have a big effect.

Some ovens may need you to leave cinders on the oven floor,to try to heat it up sufficiently. Others have little or no insulation,so you will have to feed the fire much more. But that means it will then have too much direct heat and won’t cook top and bottom evenly.

Another thing to watch is,if the floor of the oven isn’t storing heat,you may need to reheat if before cooking food every single pizza– a real pain. The message here is to always look for an oven built from the very best refractory materials and designed by craftsmens,like a Valoriani.

So,taking that into account,we’re going to change the title of this blog. The advice above isn’t so much about how raw wood fired pizza ovens work,but how the best wood-fired ovens work. If you go through a few ovens before steering a course towards a Wood Fired Pizza Ovens, that’s something you’ll come to appreciate.

Leading Online Casino Payment Rates

Many all leading online casinos willingly subject themselves to routine audits (usually monthly) by a certified and reputable 3rd party firm, such as Pricewaterhouse Coopers (PwC). These audits usually focus on 2 elements of the online casino’s operations: their random number generator and their payout rates. The latter– payout rates– is the subject of this post.

An online casino’s payment rates are displayed as a portion– that being the portion of incoming wagers that are paid out in earnings. As you can picture, the greater the payment rates, the much better. The top online gambling establishments are often considered so, in part, specifically due to the fact that they use the greatest payout rates.

A leading online casino with the highest payment rate in video poker might not have the very best payout rate for slots. Payment rates differ within top online gambling establishments for each individual game. If you’re planning on signing up with a leading online gambling establishment for a particular game– be it poker, craps, baccarat, video poker, roulette, blackjack, slots, keno, or any other leading online casino video game– inspect the top online gambling establishment’s payout portions for that particular video game.

Leading Online Casino Payment Rates Overall: Grand Online Casino (98.42%), Golden Palace Online Gambling Establishment (98.15%), Sands of the Caribbean (98.11%), U.S.A. Gambling Establishment (98.09%), 32Red Gambling Establishment (97.97%), Ladbrokes Gambling Establishment (97.68%), Casino-on-Net (97.63%), InterCasino (97.13%).

Top Online Gambling Establishment Payments for Slots: Slotland (98.00%), Gambling Establishment Las Vegas (97.50%), Golden Palace Online Casino (97.18%), Royal Vegas Online Gambling Establishment (96.59%), Aztec Riches Gambling Establishment (96.51%), Yukon Gold Gambling Establishment (96.31%), Shark Casino (96.49%), Gambling Establishment Kingdom (96.15%), Ladbrokes Casino (96.03%).

Leading Online Casino Payouts for Video Poker: Jackpots in a Flash Casino (99.53%), Fortunate Nugget Online Gambling Establishment (99.11%), Crazy Vegas Gambling Establishment (99.07%), Lucky Emperor Gambling Establishment (99.03%), 7 Sultan Gambling Establishment (99.00%), Royal Vegas Online Gambling Establishment (98.77%), Swiss Casino (98.70%), Spin Palace (98.60%), RiverBelle Gambling Establishment (98.59%), Roxy Palace Online Casino (98.58%).

Top Online Gambling Establishment Payout at Table Games: Casino Kingdom (99.62%), Mummys Gold Gambling Establishment (99.52%), Aztec Riches Gambling Establishment (99.22%), 3 Diamond Gambling Establishment (99.19%), 49er Casino (99.10%), Gambling Establishment Domain (99.01%), Obstacle Gambling Establishment (98.98%), Crazy Vegas Gambling Establishment (98.91%), Cherry Casino (98.69%), Captain Cooks (98.57%).

Top online gambling establishments that get their payout rates audited will almost always release the outcomes of each audit on their website for anyone– member or non-member– to see. They’ll even keep archives of all their past audits, likewise available to public watching.

Tips On How To Gamble Properly

Aside from turning into one financial obstruction, when one gets addicted to gambling, the preoccupation may simply cause him his family and his entire social life. Who wants to be entangled into such problems like those?

Gambling is expected to be enjoyable, not something that will ruin your life. Here are some tips on responsible gambling:

1. Strategy to Lose.

Keep tabs on your losses and offer yourself a loss limit. Aside from the loss limitation, setting a time limit will also make you one wise gambler.

2. Don’t request help.

This easily translates to never ever asking for some obtained money to continue betting. You will never ever have to obtain cash to bet if you have actually determined a rather workable loss limitation.

3. Have a break.

Frequent breaks while playing online will not only make you relax, it will likewise give you time to simply reassess how much you have actually been losing then consequently quit it.

4. Don’t simply gamble, mingle.

Integrate other less wallet pinching activities such as chatting with a brand-new acquaintance or some old good friend who likewise take place to check out the casino. Do not feel guilty when you do not get to bet the whole night through. Practicing your social graces is likewise one excellent way to invest the night. Due to the fact that you were too hooked up rolling the dice, who understands you may simply have let one financial investment deal pass just.

5. Do not play when depressed and stressed.

Just like shopping and eating, it’s never an excellent way to make use of betting as an outlet to belch out your concerns or any difficulty. Betting when you are feeling low will not fix you issue. It might even blow it approximately some massive percentage you never ever planned it to be.

6. Say no to ruining your budget plan just because of betting.

Stay only with the budget plan you assigned for entertainment. If it’s just your yearning to roll the dice that you are trying to quench, cash for daily expenditures should never ever be touched.

7. Don’t go chasing your losses.

Acceptance is one mature method to deal with any issue. This does not leave out losing when gambling. It won’t be clever to chase your losses considering that it may make you lose even more.

Keep in mind that casinos are not built as charity homes to offer out money if all else fails to advise you that gambling must not be taken gently. They are making a company out of the bettors’ losses.

How To Handle A Gambling Problem

A gambling issue usually takes place when a person over delights in gambling, winding up being indebted and having inefficient relationships with liked ones.

To start with, Gambling is addictive. The danger and the winning can have a mental effect on a person, making him unreasonable and illogical.

The primary step to solving a gaming problem is acknowledging it. If you certainly have betting problems, gamblers Confidential have the following set of concerns to test.

1. Did you ever lose time from work or school due to gambling?

2. Has betting ever made your home life dissatisfied?

3. Did betting impact your credibility?

4. Have you ever felt remorse after betting?

5. Did you ever gamble to get cash with which to pay financial obligations or otherwise solve monetary problems?

6. Did gambling trigger a decrease in your ambition or performance?

7. After losing did you feel you must return as soon as possible and recover your losses?

8. After a win did you have a strong desire to return and win more?

9. Did you frequently gamble till your last dollar was gone?

10. Did you ever borrow to finance your gambling?

11. Have you ever offered anything to finance gambling?

12. Were you unwilling to utilize “gambling money” for regular expenditures?

13. Did betting make you negligent of the welfare of yourself or your family?

14. Did you ever gamble longer than you had planned?

15. Have you ever bet to leave concern or difficulty?

16. Have you ever committed, or considered dedicating, an unlawful act to finance gaming?

17. Did gambling cause you to have trouble in sleeping?

18. Do frustrations, arguments or aggravations develop within you an urge to bet?

19. Did you ever have an urge to commemorate any good luck by a couple of hours of gaming?

20. Have you ever thought about self damage or suicide as a result of your gaming?

An issue Gambler would answer Yes to a minimum of 7 of these questions.

If you are certainly an issue gambler, the following suggestions must assist you out of your gambling ditch:

* Never ever take credit cards or an ATM card with you when you bet, just take the quantity that you plan to spend that day.
* Limitation the time you gamble.
* Keep in mind, there are more chances of you losing than winning.
* When you win, keep the cash and have an arrangement with yourself not to use it.
* When you lack cash, quit, never ever borrow cash for gambling.
* Never ever hesitate to ask assistance from a pal. Bring a gaming friend who’s not addicted and ask him to keep you in check.

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